How Hormones Affect Your Menstrual Cycle

When it comes to your period, there are a lot of myths and misconceptions out there. For starters, your period is not just “that time of the month.” In fact, it’s a complex biological process that happens in three phases: the follicular phase, ovulation, and the luteal phase. During the follicular phase, the lining of the uterus thickens in preparation for a possible pregnancy. Then, during ovulation, an egg is released from one of the ovaries. Finally, during the luteal phase, the uterus prepares for either a pregnancy or menstruation.

 So what exactly is menstruation? Menstruation is the shedding of the uterine lining, which occurs when a woman’s body prepares for pregnancy. Every month, the uterus builds up a thick layer of tissue to support a fertilized egg. If no egg is fertilized, the body does not need this extra tissue, and it is shed through the vagina.

The average menstrual cycle lasts about 28 days, but it can vary from woman to woman. Some women experience PMS (premenstrual syndrome) in the days leading up to their period, which can include symptoms such as mood swings, bloating, and fatigue. Menstruation can be a nuisance for some women, but it is also a natural and necessary process.

The Menstrual Cycle Is Controlled by Hormones

These hormones are produced in the ovaries and the pituitary gland. The levels of these hormones fluctuate throughout the month, and this affects the lining of the uterus, which is shed during menstruation. 

Τhe main hormones involved in the menstrual cycle are estrogen and progesterone.

Estrogen levels rise at the beginning of the cycle, triggering the release of an egg from the ovary. This is followed by a rise in progesterone levels, which thickens the lining of the uterus to prepare for implantation of a fertilized egg. If no pregnancy occurs, progesterone levels drop and the lining of the uterus is shed, resulting in menstruation. The menstrual cycle typically lasts between 24 and 38 days, with most women bleeding for 3 to 7 days. 

Progesterone is a hormone that is produced by the ovaries and helps to prepare the uterus for pregnancy. It does this by thickening the lining of the uterus, which provides a place for the fertilized egg to implant and grow.

Progesterone also helps to prevent the muscles of the uterus from contracting, which could expel the embryo before it has had a chance to implant. In addition, progesterone suppresses ovulation, ensuring that only one egg is released each month. This reduces the chances of twins or triplets being conceived, which can lead to complications during pregnancy. For these reasons, progesterone plays an important role in both fertility and pregnancy.

Hormone Levels and Skin

Hormone levels have a direct impact on the health of your skin. For example, an increase in testosterone can lead to an increase in oil production, which can clog pores and lead to breakouts. Conversely, a decrease in estrogen can cause dryness, thinning, and other changes in the appearance of your skin. Therefore, it is important to maintain healthy hormone levels in order to maintain healthy skin.

There are a number of ways to do this, including eating a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, and managing stress levels. By taking care of yourself both inside and out, you can help keep your hormone levels balanced and your skin looking its best.

Hormonal imbalance can cause a variety of different symptoms in both men and women. In men, it can lead to low libido, erectile dysfunction, hair loss, and reduced muscle mass. In women, it can cause irregular periods, hot flashes, mood swings, and weight gain. Hormonal imbalance can also lead to infertility in both sexes.

The best way to treat hormonal imbalance is to see a doctor who can prescribe hormonal therapy. However, there are also lifestyle changes that can help to improve the symptoms of hormonal imbalance. These include eating a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, managing stress levels, and getting enough sleep. Making these changes can help to improve your overall health and well-being as well as alleviate the symptoms of hormonal imbalance.

Can Collagen Affect Your Period?

There’s no shortage of things that can affect your period, from stress to diet to exercise. So it’s only natural that you might wonder whether collagen, a popular supplement, could have an impact on your monthly cycle.

Collagen is a protein that’s found in the connective tissues of the body, and it’s responsible for supporting the skin, hair, and nails. While there’s no direct evidence that taking collagen supplements can affect your period, there are a few indirect ways it could have an impact.

 Collagen is known to improve gut health, which means it could indirectly impact the menstrual cycle by affecting hormone levels. Gut health is linked to hormone balance, and an imbalance can lead to irregular periods.

Collagen may help to support gut health and hormone balance, which could in turn help to regulate the menstrual cycle. In addition, collagen has anti-inflammatory properties that could help to reduce period pain. Therefore, consuming collagen regularly may help to improve overall menstrual health.